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Biologist—Career Q&A: Professional Advice and Insight

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Biologists, also known as life scientists and biological scientists, study the origin, development, anatomy, function, distribution, and other basic principles of living organisms. They are concerned with the nature of life itself in humans, microorganisms, plants, and animals, and with the relationship of each organism to its environment. Biologists perform research in many specialties that advance the fields of medicine, agriculture, and industry. Approximately 32,320 biological scientists (all other not specified by DOL), 20,670 microbiologists, and 18,970 zoologists and wildlife biologists are employed in the United States.

Salary Range

$25,000 to $100,000+

Minimum Education Level

Bachelor's Degree




Little Change or More Slowly than the Average
Personality Traits


Hands On


Career Ladder
Professor or Project Chief


Biological Technician

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