Truck Drivers

Truck drivers generally are distinguished by the distance they travel. Over-the-road drivers, also known as long-distance drivers or tractor-trailer drivers, haul freight over long distances in large trucks and tractor-trailer rigs that are usually diesel-powered. Depending on the specific operation, over-the-road drivers also load and unload the shipments and make minor repairs to vehicles. Short-haul drivers or pickup and delivery drivers operate trucks that transport materials, merchandise, and equipment within a limited area, usually a single city or metropolitan area. There are approximately 2.8 million truck drivers employed in the United States.

Quick Facts
Duties Drive trucks of all sizes to transport materials, merchandise, and equipment
Alternate Title(s) Long-Distance Drivers, Over-the-Road Drivers, Pickup and Delivery Drivers, Short-Haul Drivers, Tractor-Trailer Drivers
Salary Range Below $25,000 to $75,000
Employment Prospects Good
Advancement Prospects Fair
Work Environment Primarily Outdoors
Best Geographical Location(s) Opportunities are available throughout the country
Education and Training
  • High School Diploma
  • Apprenticeship
Related School Subjects
  • Business
  • Geography
  • Technical/Shop
Experience On-the-job training
  • Business Management
  • Interpersonal
  • Mechanical/Manual Dexterity
Personality Traits
  • Conventional
  • Hands On
  • Technical
Licensure/Certification Required
Special Requirements Must be at least 21 years old, have a commercial driver's license, and pass a physical
Career Ladder
  • Owner-Operator
  • Driver Supervisor, or Dispatcher, or Terminal Manager
  • Over-the-Road Driver
  • Local Truck Driver
  • Driver Helper

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