Sports Instructors and Coaches

Football Coach Monitors Stretching Exercise

Sports instructors demonstrate and explain the skills and rules of particular sports, like golf or tennis, to individuals or groups. They help beginners learn basic rules, stances, grips, movements, and techniques of a game. Sports instructors often help experienced athletes to sharpen their skills.

Coaches work with a single, organized team or individual, teaching the skills associated with that sport. A head coach, or manager, prepares her or his team for competition. During the competition, he or she continues to give instruction from a vantage point near the court or playing field. 

Approximately 224,110 coaches and scouts are employed in the United States. 

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Quick Facts
Alternate Title(s) Sports Managers
Duties Teach people skills associated with a particular sport; prepare athletes and/or teams for competition; provide advice and encouragement during competition
Salary Range Below $25,000 to $100,000+
Work Environment Indoors/Outdoors
Best Geographical Location(s) Nationwide
Minimum Education Level
  • Bachelor's Degree
School Subjects
  • Biology
  • Health
  • Physical Education
Experience Several years experience recommended
Personality Traits
  • Athletic
  • Helpful
  • Outgoing
  • Coaching/Physical Training
  • Interpersonal
  • Teaching
Certification or Licensing Required
Special Requirements None
Employment Prospects Good
Advancement Prospects Fair
Outlook About as Fast as the Average
Career Ladder
  • Head Coach or Athletic Director
  • Instructor or Coach
  • Assistant Coach