Soil Scientists

Soil Scientist Tests Soil Moisture

Soil scientists study the physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of soils to determine the most productive and effective planting strategies. Their research aids in producing larger, healthier crops and more environmentally sound farming procedures. There are approximately 14,160 soil and plant scientists employed in the United States.

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Quick Facts
Alternate Title(s) Soil Fertility Experts, Soil Mappers, Soil Surveyors
Duties Study the chemical, physical, and biological characteristics of soils to determine the most effective and productive planting strategies
Salary Range $25,000 to $100,000
Work Environment Indoors/Outdoors
Best Geographical Location(s) Opportunities exist throughout the country
Minimum Education Level
  • Bachelor's Degree
School Subjects
  • Agriculture
  • Chemistry
  • Earth Science
Experience Internship; volunteer or part-time experience
Personality Traits
  • Curious
  • Problem-Solving
  • Scientific
  • Interpersonal
  • Research
  • Scientific
Certification or Licensing Recommended
Special Requirements None
Employment Prospects Good
Advancement Prospects Fair
Outlook About as Fast as the Average
Career Ladder
  • Research Director or College Professor
  • Soil Scientist
  • Soil Science Technician