Sociologists study the behavior and interaction of people in groups. They research the characteristics of families, communities, the workplace, religious and business organizations, and many other segments of society. By studying a group, sociologists can gain insight about individuals; they can develop ideas about the roles of gender, race, age, and other social traits in human interaction. This research helps the government, schools, and other organizations address social problems and understand social patterns. In addition to research, a sociologist may teach, publish, consult, or counsel. 

Quick Facts
Duties Study the behavior and interaction of people in groups to address social problems and understand social patterns
Alternate Title(s) Criminologists, Penologists, Rural Sociologists, Social Pathologists, Social Welfare Research Workers, Urban Sociologists
Salary Range $25,000 to $100,000+
Employment Prospects Fair
Advancement Prospects Fair
Work Environment Primarily Indoors
Best Geographical Location(s) Opportunities are available throughout the country, but are best in large, urban areas
Education and Training
  • Master's Degree
Related School Subjects
  • English
  • Psychology
  • Sociology
Experience Several years' teaching and research experience
  • Interpersonal
  • Research
  • Scientific
Personality Traits
  • Curious
  • Problem-Solving
  • Social
Licensure/Certification Recommended
Special Requirements None
Career Ladder
  • Department Head or Consultant
  • Professor or Experienced Sociologist
  • College Instructor or Entry-Level Sociologist
  • Research Assistant or Interviewer

Related Industries

Career Update Newsletter

Tips and tools to help you manage your ideal career.