Sociologists study the behavior and interaction of people in groups. They research the characteristics of families, communities, the workplace, religious and business organizations, and many other segments of society. By studying a group, sociologists can gain insight about individuals; they can develop ideas about the roles of gender, race, age, and other social traits in human interaction. This research helps the government, schools, and other organizations address social problems and understand social patterns. In addition to research, a sociologist may teach, publish, consult, or counsel. 

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Quick Facts
Alternate Title(s) Criminologists, Penologists, Rural Sociologists, Social Pathologists, Social Welfare Research Workers, Urban Sociologists
Duties Study the behavior and interaction of people in groups to address social problems and understand social patterns
Salary Range $25,000 to $100,000+
Work Environment Primarily Indoors
Best Geographical Location(s) Opportunities are available throughout the country, but are best in large, urban areas
Minimum Education Level
  • Master's Degree
School Subjects
  • English
  • Psychology
  • Sociology
Experience Several years' teaching and research experience
Personality Traits
  • Curious
  • Problem-Solving
  • Social
  • Interpersonal
  • Research
  • Scientific
Certification or Licensing Recommended
Special Requirements None
Employment Prospects Fair
Advancement Prospects Fair
Outlook Faster than the Average
Career Ladder
  • Department Head or Consultant
  • Professor or Experienced Sociologist
  • College Instructor or Entry-Level Sociologist
  • Research Assistant or Interviewer

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