Psychologists teach, counsel, conduct research, or administer programs to understand people and help people understand themselves. Psychologists examine individual and group behavior through testing, experimenting, and studying personal histories.

Psychologists normally hold doctorates in psychology. Unlike psychiatrists, they are not medical doctors and most cannot prescribe medication (clinical psychologists in Louisiana and New Mexico may prescribe medication to patients). Approximately 115,000 psychologists are employed in the United States.

Quick Facts
Duties Treat people who suffer from mental and emotional illnesses; conduct research on the human mind, behaviors, and mental and emotional illnesses
Alternate Title(s) Child Psychologists, Clinical Psychologists, Consumer Psychologists, Counseling Psychologists, Developmental Psychologists, Educational Psychologists, Engineering Psychologists, Experimental Psychologists, Forensic Psychologists, Industrial-Organizational Psychologists, Psychometrists, School Psychologists, Social Psychologists
Salary Range $25,000 to $100,000+
Employment Prospects Good
Advancement Prospects Good
Work Environment Primarily Indoors
Best Geographical Location(s) Nationwide; most opportunities available in major metropolitan areas
Education and Training
  • Master's Degree
  • Doctorate
Related School Subjects
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology
Experience Internship, residency
  • Interpersonal
  • Research
  • Scientific
Personality Traits
  • Outgoing
  • Problem-Solving
  • Scientific
Licensure/Certification Required
Special Requirements None
Career Ladder
  • Consultant, or Professor, or Researcher
  • Chief Psychologist
  • Psychologist
  • Intern

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