Psychologist Listens to Patient

Psychologists teach, counsel, conduct research, or administer programs to understand people and help people understand themselves. Psychologists examine individual and group behavior through testing, experimenting, and studying personal histories.

Psychologists normally hold doctorates in psychology. Unlike psychiatrists, they are not medical doctors and most cannot prescribe medication in most states (clinical psychologists in Illinois, Louisiana, and New Mexico may prescribe medication to patients). Approximately 173,900 psychologists are employed in the United States.

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Quick Facts
Alternate Title(s) Child Psychologists, Clinical Psychologists, Consumer Psychologists, Counseling Psychologists, Developmental Psychologists, Educational Psychologists, Engineering Psychologists, Experimental Psychologists, Forensic Psychologists, Industrial-Organizational Psychologists, Psychometrists, School Psychologists, Social Psychologists
Duties Treat people who suffer from mental and emotional illnesses; conduct research on the human mind, behaviors, and mental and emotional illnesses
Salary Range $25,000 to $100,000+
Work Environment Primarily Indoors
Best Geographical Location(s) Nationwide; most opportunities available in major metropolitan areas
Minimum Education Level
  • Master's Degree
School Subjects
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology
Experience Internship, residency
Personality Traits
  • Outgoing
  • Problem-Solving
  • Scientific
  • Interpersonal
  • Research
  • Scientific
Certification or Licensing Required
Special Requirements None
Employment Prospects Good
Advancement Prospects Good
Outlook Much Faster than the Average
Career Ladder
  • Consultant, or Professor, or Researcher
  • Chief Psychologist
  • Psychologist
  • Intern