Psychiatrists are physicians who attend to patients' mental, emotional, and behavioral symptoms. They try to help people function better in their daily lives. Psychiatrists generally specialize by treatment methods, based on their chosen fields. They may explore a patient's beliefs and history. They may prescribe medicine, including tranquilizers, antipsychotics, and antidepressants. If they specialize in treating children, they may use play therapy. There are 25,040 psychiatrists employed in the United States.

Quick Facts
Duties Treat people who suffer from mental and emotional illnesses
Alternate Title(s) Child Psychiatrists, Forensic Psychiatrists, Geriatric Psychiatrists, Industrial Psychiatrists
Salary Range $50,000 to $100,000+
Employment Prospects Good
Advancement Prospects Fair
Work Environment Primarily Indoors
Best Geographical Location(s) Nationwide; most opportunities available in major metropolitan areas
Education and Training
  • Medical Degree
Related School Subjects
  • Biology
  • Psychology
  • Sociology
Experience Four- to five-year residency required
  • Interpersonal
  • Research
  • Scientific
Personality Traits
  • Outgoing
  • Problem-Solving
  • Scientific
Licensure/Certification Required
Special Requirements None
Career Ladder
  • Consultant, or Professor, or Researcher
  • Administrator or Manager of a Psychiatric Department
  • Psychiatrist
  • Medical Resident

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