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The industrialization of agriculture has enabled large-scale farming businesses to get more done with fewer workers. This trend, coupled with a continuing population growth and consequential urban sprawl (the spread of development, such as houses and shopping centers, into nearby undeveloped land, often prime farmland)—plus surging costs of land, machinery, and other farming necessities—has caused the demise of many farms, and made it especially challenging for young and beginning farmers to start their farming business. Larger, better-funded, and more established farms have been able to withstand the pressures, as well as take advantage of government subsidies and payments, since these are typically based on the amount of acreage owned and the per-unit production.
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