An optometrist is a health care professional who provides primary eye care services, including comprehensive eye health and vision examinations; diagnosis and treatment of eye diseases and vision disorders; prescribing of eyeglasses, contact lenses, vision therapy, and medications; performing minor surgical procedures; and counseling patients regarding their vision needs. While examining a patient's eyes, optometrists may also identify signs of diseases and conditions that affect the entire body. Approximately 32,040 optometrists are employed in the United States.

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Quick Facts
Alternate Title(s) None
Duties Examine patients' eyes for visual acuity and signs of disease; prescribe eyeglasses, contact lenses, or medications; educate patients on proper eye care, including therapeutic procedures to correct or conserve vision; provide patients undergoing eye surgeries with pre- and post-operative care
Salary Range $50,000 to $100,000+
Work Environment Primarily Indoors
Best Geographical Location(s) Nationwide
Minimum Education Level
  • Doctorate
School Subjects
  • Business
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
Experience Residency
Personality Traits
  • Hands On
  • Helpful
  • Technical
  • Interpersonal
  • Math
  • Scientific
Certification or Licensing Required
Special Requirements None
Employment Prospects Excellent
Advancement Prospects Good
Outlook Much Faster than the Average
Career Ladder
  • Optometrist, Private Practice
  • Associate Optometrist
  • Optometrist, Resident

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