An optometrist is a health care professional who provides primary eye care services, including comprehensive eye health and vision examinations; diagnosis and treatment of eye diseases and vision disorders; prescribing of eyeglasses, contact lenses, vision therapy, and medications; performing minor surgical procedures; and counseling patients regarding their vision needs. While examining a patient's eyes, optometrists may also identify signs of diseases and conditions that affect the entire body. Approximately 32,040 optometrists are employed in the United States.

Quick Facts
Duties Examine patients' eyes for visual acuity and signs of disease; prescribe eyeglasses, contact lenses, or medications; educate patients on proper eye care, including therapeutic procedures to correct or conserve vision; provide patients undergoing eye surgeries with pre- and post-operative care
Alternate Title(s) None
Salary Range $50,000 to $100,000+
Employment Prospects Excellent
Advancement Prospects Good
Work Environment Primarily Indoors
Best Geographical Location(s) Nationwide
Education and Training
  • Doctorate
Related School Subjects
  • Business
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
Experience Residency
  • Interpersonal
  • Math
  • Scientific
Personality Traits
  • Hands On
  • Helpful
  • Technical
Licensure/Certification Required
Special Requirements None
Career Ladder
  • Optometrist, Private Practice
  • Associate Optometrist
  • Optometrist, Resident

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