Ophthalmologists are physicians who specialize in the care of eyes and in the prevention and treatment of eye disease and injury. They test patients' vision and prescribe glasses or contact lenses. Most ophthalmologists also perform eye surgery, treating problems such as cataracts (which cloud vision) and other visual impairments. Because problems with vision may signal larger health problems, ophthalmologists may work with other physicians to help patients deal with diseases such as diabetes or multiple sclerosis.

Quick Facts
Duties Use instruments to examine the eye; prescribe medicine, contact lenses, and eyeglasses; perform surgery
Alternate Title(s) None
Salary Range $100,000+
Employment Prospects Excellent
Advancement Prospects Good
Work Environment Primarily Indoors
Best Geographical Location(s) Nationwide
Education and Training
  • Medical Degree
Related School Subjects
  • Biology
  • Health
  • Physics
Experience Residency
  • Interpersonal
  • Math
  • Scientific
Personality Traits
  • Helpful
  • Problem-Solving
  • Scientific
Licensure/Certification Required
Special Requirements None
Career Ladder
  • Ophthalmologist, Practice Head
  • Ophthalmologist, Board Certified
  • Ophthalmology Resident
  • Ophthalmic Laboratory Technician

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