Ophthalmologist Checks Patient's Eyes

Ophthalmologists are physicians who specialize in the care of eyes and in the prevention and treatment of eye disease and injury. They test patients' vision and prescribe glasses or contact lenses. Most ophthalmologists also perform eye surgery, treating problems such as cataracts (which cloud vision) and other visual impairments. Because problems with vision may signal larger health problems, ophthalmologists may work with other physicians to help patients deal with diseases such as diabetes or multiple sclerosis.

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Quick Facts
Alternate Title(s) None
Duties Use instruments to examine the eye; prescribe medicine, contact lenses, and eyeglasses; perform surgery
Salary Range $100,000+
Work Environment Primarily Indoors
Best Geographical Location(s) Nationwide
Minimum Education Level
  • Medical Degree
School Subjects
  • Biology
  • Health
  • Physics
Experience Residency
Personality Traits
  • Helpful
  • Problem-Solving
  • Scientific
  • Interpersonal
  • Math
  • Scientific
Certification or Licensing Required
Special Requirements None
Employment Prospects Excellent
Advancement Prospects Good
Outlook Much Faster than the Average
Career Ladder
  • Ophthalmologist, Practice Head
  • Ophthalmologist, Board Certified
  • Ophthalmology Resident
  • Ophthalmic Laboratory Technician

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