Oceanographers

Oceanographers obtain information about the ocean through observations, surveys, and experiments. They study the biological, physical, and chemical composition of the ocean and the geological structure of the seabed. They also analyze phenomena involving the water itself, the atmosphere above it, the land beneath it, and the coastal borders. They study acoustical properties of water so that a comprehensive and unified picture of the ocean's behavior may be developed. A limnologist is a specialist who studies freshwater life.

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Quick Facts
Alternate Title(s) Biological Oceanographers, Chemical Oceanographers, Geological Oceanographers, Marine Biologists, Marine Geochemists
Duties Collect, analyze, and interpret geophysical data from many sources; plan or conduct studies; review research articles and reports; prepare maps; measure characteristics of Earth's waters using different types of equipment
Salary Range $25,000 to $100,000+
Work Environment Indoors/Outdoors
Best Geographical Location(s) Opportunities exist in all regions, but are best near bodies of water
Minimum Education Level
  • Bachelor's Degree
School Subjects
  • Biology
  • Earth Science
  • Mathematics
Experience Internship
Personality Traits
  • Curious
  • Realistic
  • Scientific
Skills
  • Organizational
  • Research
  • Scientific
Certification or Licensing Required
Special Requirements None
Employment Prospects Excellent
Advancement Prospects Good
Outlook Faster than the Average
Career Ladder
  • Supervisor, Oceanic Science Department
  • Professor, Oceanic Science
  • Oceanographer
  • Research or Lab Analyst

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