Mathematicians

A mathematician solves or directs the solution of problems in higher mathematics, including algebra, geometry, number theory, logic, and topology. Theoretical mathematicians work with the relationships among mathematical forms and the underlying principles that can be applied to problems, including electronic data processing and military planning. Applied mathematicians develop the techniques and approaches to problem solving in the physical, biological, and social sciences. Approximately 3,030 mathematicians are employed in nonacademic settings in the United States. Approximately 180,000 others work in education and science jobs related to mathematics.


Quick Facts
Alternate Title(s) Applied Mathematicians, Theoretical Mathematicians
Duties Solve or direct the solution of problems in higher mathematics, including algebra, geometry, number theory, logic, and topology
Salary Range $50,000 to $100,000+
Work Environment Primarily Indoors
Best Geographical Location(s) Opportunities are available throughout the country, but are best in large, metropolitan areas
Minimum Education Level
  • Doctorate
School Subjects
  • Computer Science
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
Experience Varies by position
Personality Traits
  • Conventional
  • Realistic
  • Scientific
Skills
  • Computer
  • Math
  • Scientific
Certification or Licensing Required
Special Requirements None
Employment Prospects Fair
Advancement Prospects Good
Outlook Faster than the Average
Career Ladder
  • Manager or Professor
  • Mathematician
  • Entry-Level Mathematician

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