Overall employment of mathematicians is expected to grow by 23 percent through 2022 (faster than the average for all careers), according to the U.S. Department of Labor. Despite this prediction, strong competition is expected for jobs since the field is so small. There will be more jobs in applied mathematics (and related areas such as computer programming, cloud computing, operations research, and engineering design) than in theoretical research. Those who have a background in another field in addition to mathematics (such as computer science and software development, physics, engineering, operations research, financial analysis, or life sciences research) will have especially strong opportunities.  

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