Kinesiologists (also known as kinesiotherapists) are health care workers who plan and conduct exercise programs to help their clients develop or maintain endurance, strength, mobility, and coordination. Many of their clients have disabilities. They also work with people who are recovering from injuries or illnesses and need help to keep their muscle tone during long periods of inactivity.

Kinesiology is based on the belief that each muscle in the body relates to a specific meridian—or energy path-way—in the body. These meridians also relate to organs, allowing the muscles to give us information about organ function and energy. The profession builds on basic principles from Chinese medicine, acupressure, and massage therapy to bring the body into balance. The goal is to release physical and mental pain, and alleviate tension in the mind and body. Relieving stress—be it physical, mental, emotional, chemical, environmental, or behavioral—is a main element of kinesiology. Various techniques are combined with visualization, massage, and movement exercises to help patients heal.

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Quick Facts
Alternate Title(s) Kinesiotherapists, Orthotists, Physical Therapists, Prosthetists
Duties Plan and conduct exercise programs to help their clients develop or maintain endurance, strength, mobility, and coordination
Salary Range $25,000 to $100,000+
Work Environment Primarily Indoors
Best Geographical Location(s) Opportunities exist in all regions, with highest demand in large metropolitan areas
Minimum Education Level
  • Bachelor's Degree
School Subjects
  • Biology
  • Health
  • Physical Education
Experience Internships, part-time experience highly recommended
Personality Traits
  • Helpful
  • Social
  • Technical
  • Coaching/Physical Training
  • Interpersonal
  • Organizational
Certification or Licensing Recommended
Special Requirements None
Employment Prospects Good
Advancement Prospects Good
Outlook About as Fast as the Average
Career Ladder
  • Consultant or College Professor
  • Supervisor or Department Head
  • Experienced Kinesiologist
  • Staff Therapist

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