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The goal of every intelligence service is to produce reports consisting of evaluated information and forecasts that political leaders can use in decision making. Intelligence officers must first decide what information is needed, gather it efficiently, and then evaluate and analyze the information. Case officers stationed overseas are assigned to gather intelligence and then relay the information to analysts who interpret the data for their reports. Analysts' reports make predictions and forecasts about what is likely to happen in a foreign country. High-level managers review the reports and pass them along to clients, who may include the president of the United States. Specialized analysts include technical analysts, who may gather data from satellites, and cryptographic technicians, who are experts at coding, decoding, and sending secret messages.