Hematologists study and/or treat diseases of the blood and the blood-forming tissues. Some hematologists are physicians (medical doctors, or M.D.'s) who specialize in blood diseases; other hematologists are medical scientists (doctors of philosophy, or Ph.D.'s) who do research on blood diseases but do not treat patients. A few students who plan to focus on medical research choose to do a joint M.D./Ph.D. program.

Quick Facts
Duties Duties vary by specialty; include conducting blood-related research; treating patients; supervising research lab and researchers; writing grants; lecturing and teaching
Alternate Title(s) None
Salary Range $50,000 to $100,000+
Employment Prospects Good
Advancement Prospects Good
Work Environment Primarily Indoors
Best Geographical Location(s) Rhode Island, New York, Maryland, District of Columbia, and Vermont employ high concentrations of hematologists, but opportunities exist in all regions
Education and Training
  • Doctorate
  • Medical Degree
Related School Subjects
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Health
Experience Three to eight years in a residency program
  • Interpersonal
  • Research
  • Scientific
Personality Traits
  • Helpful
  • Problem-Solving
  • Scientific
Licensure/Certification Required
Special Requirements None
Career Ladder
  • Director, Hematology Department
  • Hematologist
  • Hematology Resident

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