Guidance Counselors

Guidance counselors, sometimes known as school counselors, provide a planned program of guidance services for all students, principally in junior and senior high schools. In addition to helping students plan for college and careers, guidance counselors listen to students' problems, advise students, and help them develop coping skills and learn to become good problem solvers and decision makers on their own.

Although guidance counselors often meet with students individually, they may also work with groups, organizing several students for special meetings to address a problem or issue that the students have in common. There are approximately 241,870 educational, vocational, and school counselors employed in the United States.

Quick Facts
Duties Provide advice and guidance to students regarding personal problems, academic issues, and college and career planning
Alternate Title(s) School Counselors
Salary Range $25,000 to $100,000
Employment Prospects Fair
Advancement Prospects Fair
Work Environment Primarily Indoors
Best Geographical Location(s) Opportunities exist in all regions, but are best in large, metropolitan areas
Education and Training
  • Master's Degree
Related School Subjects
  • English
  • Psychology
  • Sociology
Experience Internship and teaching experience recommended
  • Interpersonal
  • Leadership
  • Teaching
Personality Traits
  • Helpful
  • Problem-Solving
  • Social
Licensure/Certification Required
Special Requirements None
Career Ladder
  • Guidance Director for Entire School District or City
  • Guidance Director
  • Experienced Guidance Counselor
  • Entry-Level Guidance Counselor

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