Guidance Counselors

Guidance Counselor Works with Student

Guidance counselors, often known as school counselors, provide a planned program of guidance services for all students, principally in junior and senior high schools. In addition to helping students plan for college and careers, guidance counselors listen to students' problems, advise students, and help them develop coping skills and learn to become good problem solvers and decision makers on their own.

Although guidance counselors often meet with students individually, they may also work with groups, organizing several students for special meetings to address a problem or issue that the students have in common. There are approximately 253,460 educational, vocational, and school counselors employed in the United States.

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Quick Facts
Alternate Title(s) School Counselors
Duties Provide advice and guidance to students regarding personal problems, academic issues, and college and career planning
Salary Range $25,000 to $100,000
Work Environment Primarily Indoors
Best Geographical Location(s) Opportunities exist in all regions, but are best in large, metropolitan areas
Minimum Education Level
  • Master's Degree
School Subjects
  • English
  • Psychology
  • Sociology
Experience Internship and teaching experience recommended
Personality Traits
  • Helpful
  • Problem-Solving
  • Social
  • Interpersonal
  • Leadership
  • Teaching
Certification or Licensing Required
Special Requirements None
Employment Prospects Good
Advancement Prospects Fair
Outlook About as Fast as the Average
Career Ladder
  • Guidance Director for Entire School District or City
  • Guidance Director
  • Experienced Guidance Counselor
  • Entry-Level Guidance Counselor

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