Geologists are geoscientists who study all aspects of the earth, including its origin, history, composition, and structure. Along more practical lines, geologists may, through the use of theoretical knowledge and research data, locate groundwater, oil, minerals, and other natural resources. They play an increasingly important role in studying, preserving, and cleaning up the environment. They advise construction companies and government agencies on the suitability of locations being considered for buildings, highways, and other structures. They also prepare geological reports, maps, and diagrams. According to the U.S. Department of Labor, there are approximately 34,690 geoscientists (including geologists, geophysicists, and oceanographers) employed in the United States.

Quick Facts
Duties Study the earth, including its origin, history, composition, and structure; help locate groundwater, oil, minerals, and other natural resources
Alternate Title(s) Economic Geologists, Engineering Geologists, Environmental Geologists, Geochemists, Geochronologists, Geohydrologists, Geological Oceanographers, Geologists, Geomorphologists, Geophysicists, Glacial Geologists, Hydrogeologists, Marine Geologists, Mineralogists, Paleontologists, Petrologists, Planetary Geologists, Sedimentary Stratigraphers, Sedimentologists, Seismologists, Structural Geologists, Volcanologists
Salary Range $25,000 to $100,000+
Employment Prospects Excellent
Advancement Prospects Fair
Work Environment Indoors/Outdoors
Best Geographical Location(s) Opportunities are available throughout the country, but 30 percent of all geologists work in Texas
Education and Training
  • Bachelor's Degree
Related School Subjects
  • Computer Science
  • Earth Science
  • Geography
Experience Internship or co-op experience helpful
  • Computer
  • Research
  • Scientific
Personality Traits
  • Realistic
  • Scientific
  • Technical
Licensure/Certification Required
Special Requirements None
Career Ladder
  • Project Leader
  • Geologist
  • Research Assistant or Geological Technician

Become a Vault Basic Member

Complete your Vault Profile and get seen by top employers