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Foresters do much of their work outdoors, especially during the early part of their careers. Beginning foresters perform many duties. They may map areas of a forest and estimate the amounts of resources that they provide, such as timber, game shelter, and food, water, and forage for cattle and sheep. They may also determine areas that need intervention, such as planting trees, controlling disease or insects, thinning dense forest stands, using controlled burns to reduce brush that may fuel dangerous wildfires, or pruning trees to produce better lumber or plywood. They may monitor stands of trees to ensure healthy growth and determine the best time for harvesting. They may lay out logging roads or roads to lakes and recreational facilities and create the plans for building wilderness areas. Foresters may supervise crews doing all these jobs and inspect their work after it is done.