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The foreign correspondent is stationed in a foreign country where his or her job is to report on the news there. Foreign news can range from the violent (wars, coups, and refugee situations) to the calm (cultural events and financial issues). Although a domestic correspondent is responsible for covering specific areas of the news, like politics, health, sports, consumer affairs, business, or religion, foreign correspondents are responsible for all of these areas in the country where they are stationed. A China-based correspondent, for example, could spend a day covering the new trade policy between the United States and China, and the next day report on the religious persecution of Christians by the Chinese government. In addition to covering "hard news," foreign correspondents also aim to keep readers or viewers aware of the various social, religious, and cultural practices of the rest of the world. They do so by writing articles or broadcasting reports on a country's cuisine, daily life, religious and social practices, and other topics that might be of interest to readers and viewers.
A foreign correspondent often is responsible for more than one country. Depending on where he or she is stationed, the foreign correspondent might have to act as a one-person band in gathering and preparing stories. In many instances, correspondents choose their own story ideas, focusing on the ones that interest them most out of a myriad of possibilities. But foreign correspondents alone are responsible for getting the story done, and unlike reporters back home, they have little or no support staff to help them. Broadcast foreign correspondents, for example, may have to do their own audio editing after filming scenes. And just like other news reporters, foreign correspondents work under the pressure of deadlines. In addition, they often are thrown into unfamiliar situations in strange places.
Foreign correspondents are drawn to conflicts of all kinds, especially war. They may choose to go to the front of a battle to get an accurate picture of what's happening. Or they may be able to get the story from a safer position. Sometimes they even face weapons trained directly on them.
Much of a foreign correspondent's time is spent doing research, investigating leads, setting up appointments, making travel arrangements, making on-site observations, and interviewing local people or those involved in the situation. The foreign correspondent often must be experienced in taking photographs or shooting video.
Living conditions can be rough or primitive, sometimes without running water. The job can sometimes be isolating.
After correspondents have interviewed sources and noted observations about an event or filmed it, they put their stories together, writing on computers and using technology such as the Internet, e-mail, and satellite telephones to finish the job and transmit the story to their newspaper, broadcast station, or wire service. Many times, correspondents work out of hotel rooms. Correspondents often maintain a presence on social media, such as Facebook or Twitter, to provide additional information or add breaking news to their reports.
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