Ethnoscientist is a broad term that covers various specialties, such as ethnoarchaeology, ethnobiology, ethnomusicology, ethnoveterinary medicine, and ethnozoology. Ethnoscientists study a particular subject, usually a social or life science, (e.g., archaeology, biology, veterinary medicine, or zoology) from the perspective of one or more cultural groups.

Ethnoscientists are usually Western practitioners who are interested in exploring the knowledge, beliefs, traditions, and practices of cultures in non-industrialized areas of the world, such as the Maoris of New Zealand, the Shona of south-central Africa, or the Inuit of Alaska. These cultures have unique, often undocumented, ways of perceiving, interacting with, and understanding each other and their environment. Ethnoscientists study these cultures to record and learn from their perspectives.

Next Section: History

Quick Facts
Alternate Title(s) Ethnoarchaeologists, Ethnobiologists, Ethnobotanists, Ethnoecologists, Ethnohistorians, Ethnolinguists, Ethnomusicologists, Ethnopharmacologists, Ethnopsychiatrists, Ethnoveterinarians
Duties Study the knowledge, beliefs, traditions, and practices of cultures in non-industrialized areas of the world
Salary Range $25,000 to $100,000+
Work Environment Indoors/Outdoors
Best Geographical Location(s) Opportunities exist in all regions
Minimum Education Level
  • Doctorate
School Subjects
  • Foreign Language
  • History
  • Sociology
Experience Internship; volunteer experience useful
Personality Traits
  • Curious
  • Problem-Solving
  • Scientific
  • Interpersonal
  • Research
  • Scientific
Certification or Licensing Recommended
Special Requirements None
Employment Prospects Fair
Advancement Prospects Fair
Outlook About as Fast as the Average
Career Ladder
  • Department Head
  • Ethnoscience Professor
  • Ethnoscience Associate Professor
  • Ethnoscience Assistant Professor
  • Ethnoscience Instructor

Become a Vault Basic Member

Complete your Vault Profile and get seen by top employers