Ethnoscientist is a broad term that covers various specialties, such as ethnoarchaeology, ethnobiology, ethnomusicology, ethnoveterinary medicine, and ethnozoology. Ethnoscientists study a particular subject, usually a social or life science, (e.g., archaeology, biology, veterinary medicine, or zoology) from the perspective of one or more cultural groups.

Ethnoscientists are usually Western practitioners who are interested in exploring the knowledge, beliefs, traditions, and practices of cultures in non-industrialized areas of the world, such as the Maoris of New Zealand, the Shona of south-central Africa, or the Inuit of Alaska. These cultures have unique, often undocumented, ways of perceiving, interacting with, and understanding each other and their environment. Ethnoscientists study these cultures to record and learn from their perspectives.

Quick Facts
Duties Study the knowledge, beliefs, traditions, and practices of cultures in non-industrialized areas of the world
Alternate Title(s) Ethnoarchaeologists, Ethnobiologists, Ethnobotanist, Ethnoecologists, Ethnohistorians, Ethnolinguist, Ethnomusicologists, Ethnopharmacologist, Ethnopsychiatrists, Ethnoveterinarians
Salary Range $25,000 to $100,000+
Employment Prospects Fair
Advancement Prospects Fair
Work Environment Indoors/Outdoors
Best Geographical Location(s) Opportunities exist in all regions
Education and Training
  • Doctorate
Related School Subjects
  • Foreign Language
  • History
  • Sociology
Experience Internship; volunteer experience useful
  • Interpersonal
  • Research
  • Scientific
Personality Traits
  • Curious
  • Problem-Solving
  • Scientific
Licensure/Certification Recommended
Special Requirements None
Career Ladder
  • Department Head
  • Ethnocience Professor
  • Ethnocience Associate Professor
  • Ethnocience Assistant Professor
  • Ethnocience Instructor

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