Environmental Scientists

Environmental scientists use physical science (such as biology, chemistry, and geology) and social science (including conservation and resource management) to study and assess the environment in relation to the impact human activity has on it as well as damage incurred through natural interactions. Their work is also used to ensure environmental laws and regulations are being met and to help prevent violations before they occur. Environmental scientists specialize in various areas such as air, soil, and water, and use different tools and software programs to collect and study samples. They work for federal, state, and local environmental protection agencies, as well as private sector companies, and teach in colleges and universities. There are approximately 84,240 environmental scientists employed in the United States.


Quick Facts
Duties Use the physical and social sciences to study and assess the environment in terms of human impact and natural processes
Alternate Title(s) None
Salary Range $25,000 to $100,000+
Employment Prospects Good
Advancement Prospects Good
Work Environment Indoors/Outdoors
Best Geographical Location(s) Opportunities are available throughout the country
Education and Training
  • Bachelor's Degree
Related School Subjects
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Earth Science
Experience Participating in at least one internship during college will be useful
Skills
  • Computer
  • Research
  • Scientific
Personality Traits
  • Curious
  • Problem-Solving
  • Scientific
Licensure/Certification Recommended
Special Requirements None
Career Ladder
  • Project Leader, or Program Manager, or Consulting Firm Owner
  • Environmental Scientist
  • Field Analyst, or Research Assistant, or Science Technician