Industries & Professions /
Environmental consultants are problem solvers—applying their expertise in one or more environmental areas to help companies with matters ranging from disposing of hazardous waste, to developing green manufacturing practices, to ensuring compliance with complicated and constantly changing environmental laws. External environmental consultants work for large management consulting firms that have sustainability or environment-related practices. They are also employed by smaller, boutique firms that specialize in environmental consulting, focus on a specific subsector (such as energy efficiency), or provide environmental consulting services to a particular industry (such as energy or telecommunications). External environmental consultants work with clients on a project basis, and clients are billed by the hour for consultants’ services. Internal environmental consultants work as salaried employees for companies and other organizations. Others operate their own consulting practices and provide expertise to corporations, government agencies, nonprofits, and other organizations on a project basis.