Enologists, also known as wine makers and vintners, direct and manage most activities of a winery, including planting grapes and producing, storing, and shipping wine. They select the type of grapes grown and supervise workers in the production process from harvesting to fermenting, aging, and bottling. Enologists work with different varieties of grapes in a type or species to develop the strongest and most flavorful wines.

Quick Facts
Duties Produce, store, and ship wine; plant and care for grapes; manage production workers
Alternate Title(s) Vintners, Wine Makers
Salary Range $25,000 to $100,000+
Employment Prospects Good
Advancement Prospects Fair
Work Environment Indoors/Outdoors
Best Geographical Location(s) Although vineyards are located in all 50 states, approximately 90 percent of U.S. domestic wine is cultivated in California
Education and Training
  • High School Diploma
  • Apprenticeship
Related School Subjects
  • Agriculture
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
Experience An entry-level job at a winery will provide useful introductory experience
  • Business Management
  • Organizational
  • Scientific
Personality Traits
  • Conventional
  • Enterprising
  • Technical
Licensure/Certification Required
Special Requirements Most wineries require workers to be at least 21 years of age.
Career Ladder
  • Vineyard Owner
  • Manager or President
  • Enologist
  • Assistant Enologist
  • Enologist Trainee