Winemaker Examines Grapes

Enologists, also known as wine makers and vintners, direct and manage most activities of a winery, including planting grapes and producing, storing, and shipping wine. They select the type of grapes grown and supervise workers in the production process from harvesting to fermenting, aging, and bottling. Enologists work with different varieties of grapes in a type or species to develop the strongest and most flavorful wines.

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Quick Facts
Alternate Title(s) Vintners, Wine Makers
Duties Produce, store, and ship wine; plant and care for grapes; manage production workers
Salary Range $25,000 to $100,000+
Work Environment Indoors/Outdoors
Best Geographical Location(s) Although vineyards are located in all 50 states, approximately 90 percent of U.S. domestic wine is cultivated in California
Minimum Education Level
  • Apprenticeship
  • Bachelor's Degree
School Subjects
  • Agriculture
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
Experience Entry-level or part-time experience in a winery
Personality Traits
  • Conventional
  • Enterprising
  • Technical
  • Business Management
  • Organizational
Certification or Licensing Required
Special Requirements Most wineries require workers be at least 21 years old
Employment Prospects Good
Advancement Prospects Fair
Outlook About as Fast as the Average
Career Ladder
  • Vineyard Owner
  • Manager or President
  • Enologist
  • Assistant Enologist
  • Enologist Trainee

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