Civil Engineers

Civil Engineer Uses Level

Civil engineers are involved in the design and construction of the physical structures that make up our surroundings, such as roads, bridges, buildings, and harbors. Civil engineering involves theoretical knowledge applied to the practical planning of the layout of our cities, towns, and other communities. It is concerned with modifying the natural environment and building new environments to better the lifestyles of the general public. Civil engineers are also known as structural engineers. There are approximately 275,000 civil engineers in the United States.

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Quick Facts
Alternate Title(s) Structural Engineers
Duties Design and supervise large construction projects including roads, airports, and dams; analyze survey reports, maps, and other data; test soils and building materials; use design software to plan transportation and hydraulic systems; provide cost estimates; advise clients on various projects
Salary Range $50,000 to $100,000+
Work Environment Indoors/Outdoors
Best Geographical Location(s) Opportunities exist in all locations, but are most numerous in major metropolitan areas and in developing regions
Minimum Education Level
  • Bachelor's Degree
School Subjects
  • Computer Science
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
Experience Four years of fieldwork
Personality Traits
  • Curious
  • Problem-Solving
  • Technical
  • Interpersonal
  • Math
  • Scientific
Certification or Licensing Recommended
Special Requirements None
Employment Prospects Good
Advancement Prospects Good
Outlook About as Fast as the Average
Career Ladder
  • Engineering Manager
  • Senior Engineer, or Supervisory Engineer
  • Project Manager, or Engineer
  • Junior Engineer