Chemist Studies Fluid in Beaker

Chemists are scientists who study the composition, changes, reactions, and transformations of matter. They may specialize in analytical, biological, inorganic, organic, or physical chemistry. They may work in laboratories, hospitals, private companies, government agencies, or colleges and universities. According to the U.S. Department of Labor, as of May 2015, there were approximately 84,720 chemists employed in the United States.

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Quick Facts
Alternate Title(s) Analytical Chemists, Biochemists, Medicinal Chemists, Organic Chemists, Physical Chemists
Duties Study the composition, changes, reactions, and transformations of matter
Salary Range $25,000 to $100,000+
Work Environment Primarily Indoors
Best Geographical Location(s) Opportunities are available throughout the country, especially New York City, Houston, Los Angeles, Newark, Montgomery, Bucks, Boston, San Francisco, and Chester counties in Pennsylvania, and Silver Spring, Frederick, and Rockville, Maryland
Minimum Education Level
  • Bachelor's Degree
  • Master's Degree
School Subjects
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Mathematics
  • Physics
Experience Internship
Personality Traits
  • Curious
  • Hands On
  • Realistic
  • Math
  • Organizational
  • Scientific
Certification or Licensing None
Special Requirements None
Employment Prospects Fair
Advancement Prospects Good
Outlook Little Change or More Slowly than the Average
Career Ladder
  • Group Research Leader, or Consultant, or Professor
  • Chemist
  • Chemical Technician