Career and Employment Counselors and Technicians

Career and employment counselors and technicians, who are also known as vocational counselors, provide advice to individuals or groups about occupations, careers, career decision making, career planning, and other career developmentā€“related questions or conflicts. Career guidance technicians collect pertinent information to support both the counselor and applicant during the job search. There are approximately 241,870 educational, guidance, school, and vocational counselors employed in the United States.

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Quick Facts
Alternate Title(s) College Career Planning Counselors, Career Guidance Technicians, College Placement Counselors, Vocational Counselors, Vocational-Rehabilitation Counselors
Duties Help people decide on their careers; help disabled individuals assess skills they can offer employers; help students find internships and jobs; organize and maintain career-related materials; help administer and score aptitude tests; may also operate and be responsible for audiovisual equipment
Salary Range $25,000 to $100,000
Work Environment Primarily Indoors
Best Geographical Location(s) Opportunities exist in all regions
Minimum Education Level
  • High School Diploma
  • Associate's Degree
School Subjects
  • Business
  • Psychology
  • Sociology
Experience Postgraduate supervised school counseling
Personality Traits
  • Helpful
  • Problem-Solving
  • Social
  • Interpersonal
  • Leadership
  • Teaching
Certification or Licensing Required
Special Requirements State-issued credentials; pass a criminal background check; 2,000 to 3,000 hours of supervised clinical experience
Employment Prospects Good
Advancement Prospects Good
Outlook About as Fast as the Average
Career Ladder
  • Supervisor of Employment Counselors
  • Employment Counselor
  • Employment Counselor Trainee

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