Cardiologists

Cardiologists are physicians who practice in the subspecialty of internal medicine that concentrates on the diagnosis and treatment of heart disease. In most instances, cardiologists treat patients on a consultative basis to determine if the symptoms the patients are exhibiting are signs of heart disease. According to the State Health Facts Web site of the Kaiser Family Foundation, there are 29,649 actively practicing cardiologists in the United States.

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Quick Facts
Alternate Title(s) None
Duties Examine patients; obtain medical histories; order, perform, and interpret diagnostic tests; prescribe treatment; conduct treatment procedures
Salary Range $100,000+
Work Environment Primarily Indoors
Best Geographical Location(s) Opportunities exist in all regions with most jobs in larger urban and suburban centers near medical centers and hospitals. New York, California, Massachusetts, Florida, Pennsylvania, and Michigan represent the top states for employment of cardiologists.
Minimum Education Level
  • Medical Degree
School Subjects
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Health
Experience Three to seven years' residency; one to three years' fellowship
Personality Traits
  • Helpful
  • Problem-Solving
  • Scientific
Skills
  • Math
  • Research
  • Scientific
Certification or Licensing Required
Special Requirements None
Employment Prospects Good
Advancement Prospects Fair
Outlook Faster than the Average
Career Ladder
  • Interventional Cardiologist
  • Invasive Cardiologist
  • Cardiologist
  • Cardiovascular Technologist