Bailiffs, also known as marshals or court officers, handle anything and everything that goes on in and is associated with a courtroom. From keeping the room secure to providing food and housing for sequestered juries, the bailiff is responsible for managing the court's business. Bailiffs also serve legal papers to individuals and businesses as ordered by the court. Although the majority of bailiffs work for the court system, some bailiffs are more like process servers because they work independently and own their own businesses. There are approximately 16,360 bailiffs employed in the United States.

Quick Facts
Duties Responsible for managing the business of the court, from keeping the courtroom orderly during trials, to swearing in witnesses, to providing for the needs of sequestered juries
Alternate Title(s) Court Officers, Marshals
Salary Range Below $25,000 to $75,000
Employment Prospects Fair
Advancement Prospects Good
Work Environment Primarily Indoors
Best Geographical Location(s) Opportunities are available throughout the country, but are best in large, metropolitan areas
Education and Training
  • Some Postsecondary Training
  • Associate's Degree
Related School Subjects
  • English
  • Government
  • Psychology
Experience Any prior experience in law enforcement
  • Business Management
  • Interpersonal
  • Leadership
Personality Traits
  • Athletic
  • Helpful
  • Realistic
Licensure/Certification Required
Special Requirements Must meet physical requirements and pass drug tests
Career Ladder
  • Sheriff or Supervisory Police officer
  • Bailiff
  • Sheriffs' Deputy or Court Officer

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