Bailiff Outside Court Room

Bailiffs, also known as marshals or court officers, handle anything and everything that goes on in and is associated with a courtroom. From keeping the room secure to providing food and housing for sequestered juries, the bailiff is responsible for managing the court's business. Bailiffs also serve legal papers to individuals and businesses as ordered by the court. Although the majority of bailiffs work for the court system, some bailiffs are more like process servers because they work independently and own their own businesses. There are approximately 16,360 bailiffs employed in the United States.

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Quick Facts
Alternate Title(s) Court Officers, Marshals
Duties Responsible for managing the business of the court, from keeping the courtroom orderly during trials, to swearing in witnesses, to providing for the needs of sequestered juries
Salary Range Below $25,000 to $75,000
Work Environment Primarily Indoors
Best Geographical Location(s) Opportunities are available throughout the country, but are best in large, metropolitan areas. States with the highest employment level for bailiffs include New York, Ohio, Florida, Texas, and Georgia
Minimum Education Level
  • Some Postsecondary Training
  • Associate's Degree
School Subjects
  • English
  • Government
  • Psychology
Experience Any prior experience in law enforcement
Personality Traits
  • Athletic
  • Helpful
  • Realistic
  • Business Management
  • Interpersonal
  • Leadership
Certification or Licensing Required
Special Requirements Must meet physical requirements and pass drug tests
Employment Prospects Fair
Advancement Prospects Good
Outlook Little Change or More Slowly than the Average
Career Ladder
  • Sheriff or Supervisory Police officer
  • Bailiff or Corrections Officer
  • Sheriffs' Deputy or Court Officer

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