Industries & Professions /
Careers in emergency and protective services are among the fastest growing in the United States today, according to the U.S. Department of Labor. Increases in crime rates, and especially increases in public anxiety over crime, have led to demands for heightened law enforcement efforts, tougher sentencing laws, and dramatic increases in the security services industry. Since 1990, several incidents have raised concern over domestic security, particularly the threat of terrorist attacks. The bombing at the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City in 1995 and the terrorist attacks of 2001 have caused an increase in both domestic and foreign intelligence and investigative operations. The threat of terrorism has put all public safety officials on alert, from FBI and CIA experts to local police forces and private security companies. There is now increased security particularly in and around government offices, public buildings, airports, post offices, and media headquarters. For example, according to a December 2009 New York Times article, since 2001, the federal government has hired more than 45,000 professional screening officers, installed more than 1,600 body-scanning machines, and increased the explosive-detection canine teams at commercial airports.
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