The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) regulates interstate
and international communications by radio, television, cable, wire,
cable, and the wireless spectrum. The Communications Act of 1934
established the FCC as an independent US government agency directly
responsible to Congress. Its jurisdiction covers the 50 states, the
District of Columbia, and US possessions. The President appoints
and the Senate confirms the five commissioners who direct the FCC;
only three of them can belong to the same political party. The
President also designates one of the commissioners to serve as
chairperson. There are seven operating bureaus and 10 staff offices
within the FCC.
The FCC is comprised of several bureaus, including the
Consumer & Governmental Affairs Bureau, Enforcement
Bureau, International Bureau, Media Bureau, Public Safety and
Homeland Security Bureau, Wireless Telecommunications Bureau, and
the Wireline Competition Bureau.
Its locations include the Office of Administrative Law Judges,
Office of Communications Business Opportunities, Office of
Engineering & Technology, Office of the General Counsel, Office
of Inspector General, Office of Legislative Affairs, Office of the
Managing Director, Office of Media Relations, Office of Strategic
Planning & Policy Analysis, Office of Workplace Diversity, and
the Secretary Office.