Oracle predicts the future of computing is in the cloud and that's where it's headed. The company has moved its enterprise software programs that help businesses manage operations to the cloud. A leader in software (about 85% of its sales), it also provides hardware and services to help companies improve their processes. Best known for its focus on databases (its first products), it offers aid in areas such as managing business data, collaboration and application development, customer relationship management, and supply chain management. In recent years the company has aggressively used acquisitions to expand. To further boost its cloud offerings Oracle bought NetSuite in 2016 for $9.3 billion.
Oracle traditionally sold on-premises software, applications that were loaded onto customers' computers at their offices. Even with its move to the cloud, 51% of the company's revenue comes from license updates (the company claims a high number of renewals) and product support.
Oracle's cloud offerings include software-as-a-service and platform-as-a-service, which the company hosts, manages, and supports. It also licenses software products including Oracle Applications, Oracle Database, Oracle Fusion Middleware, Java, and others through the as-a-service subscription model. That business accounts for 25% of Oracle's revenue.
Another area of emphasis for Oracle is its Cloud Infrastructure as a Service business. It accounts for just 2% of revenue, but the company has highlighted it for investment and growth. The business includes Oracle Managed Cloud Services, comprehensive software and hardware management and maintenance services hosted at Oracle data centers, partner data centers or at the customer's facilities.
Oracle's hardware business, which includes computers, software, and services, generates 13% of revenue. The company's consulting services business brings in 9% of revenue.
Oracle has global operations. No single country outside the US accounts for more than 10% of sales, but combined, international customers represent about 53% of sales.
Sales and Marketing
The company uses direct and indirect channels to market and sell its products and services. The companies that comprise Oracle's indirect channel network are members of the Oracle Partner Network.
Oracle's advertising expenses have been up and down in recent years. They totaled $68 million in 2016 (ended May), $55 million in 2014, and $79 million in 2014.
Oracle's revenue slipped about 3% to $37 billion in 2016 (ended May) from 2015. The company blamed the decrease (of about $1 billion) on the impact of foreign currency exchange. Otherwise, the company reported that revenue increased from the cloud and on-premise software, and services businesses. It claimed growth in software license updates and product support revenue as well as in its as-a-service areas.
The company's net income also slid, about 10% in its case, slicing off about $1 billion from 2015 to land at $8.9 billion in 2016.
Cash flow from operations ended 2016 at $13.5 billion compared to $14.3 billion for 2015.
Developing cloud products and services has been the focus of Oracle's research and development efforts (about $5.8 billion in 2016) and its acquisitions.
In 2016 the company released products that help customers analyze information gained from the internet of things and cloud-based services for small and medium businesses.
Mergers and Acquisitions
Two notable deals made in calendar 2016 boosted Oracle's cloud offerings.
In July 2016 Oracle bought NetSuite for $9.3 billion. NetSuite ($741 million revenue and $124 million loss in 2015) provides cloud-based business management products similar to Oracle's, but NetSuite's products are for the medium-sized business market while Oracle's go into bigger, enterprise businesses. Oracle termed the companies' products as complementary and certainly their markets are. Oracle pledged to invest in development and distribution of NetSuite's products. The acquisition could help Oracle in competing with Salesforce.com, which also is an Oracle partner. Oracle chief Larry Ellison has a significant ownership share in NetSuite.
Then in November 2016 Oracle bought privately held Dyn, a company that helps increase internet performance and domain name system (DNS) provider. Dyn operates a global network that drives 40 billion traffic optimization decisions a day for some 3,500 customers, including Netflix, Twitter, Pfizer, and CNBC. Oracle said the addition of Dyn's DNS will extend and strengthen its cloud capabilities.
Other recent acquisitions were of MICROS Systems, Textura, Datalogix, and Maxymiser.