Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America (TEMA) is the epicenter of heavyweight Japanese automaker Toyota Motor's ever-encroaching dominance of the North American car market. TEMA is responsible for engineering, design, research and development, and manufacturing activities in the US, Canada, and Mexico. TEMA develops the upper body portion, as well as parts, for the adaptation of Toyota vehicles to the North American market. Toyota Research Institute of North America (TRI-NA) conducts automotive research relating to energy and environment.
Based in Kentucky, TEMA has engineering design and development, R&D, and manufacturing activities (14 plants) in Canada, Mexico, and the US (where its has major operations in Arizona, California, and Michigan).
TEMA's plant facilities include Toyota Motor Manufacturing Alabama, Toyota Motor Manufacturing Indiana, Toyota Motor Manufacturing Kentucky, Toyota Motor Manufacturing Texas, Toyota Motor Manufacturing West Virginia, Toyota Motor Manufacturing Canada, Toyota Motor Manufacturing de Baja California, and TABC. TEMA also operates Bodine Aluminum. Through plants in St. Louis, and Troy, Missouri, Bodine manufactures aluminum engine and transmission components.
Toyota's Calty Design Research Facilities are located in California and Michigan and support North American production design, including color and trim. Finance and insurance for Toyota dealers and their customers are provided by Toyota Financial Services Corporation.
In fiscal 2014 Toyota produced 1.7 million vehicles in North America (about 20% of its total global production).
Vehicle models being produced in North America include the Avalon, Camry, Corolla, Highlander, Matrix, RAV4, Sienna, Sequoia, Tacoma, Tundra, Venza, and Lexus RX 350. TEMA oversees Toyota Motor Sales, USA (TMS), which includes over 1,200 dealers located in the US; the Lexus division handles more than 200 Lexus dealers. TMS participates in NASCAR and other US racing series; its racing programs support company-sponsored teams with chassis technology and other design developments.
Toyota's North American operations (of which TEMA is a part) accounted for 32% of the parent company’s net revenues in fiscal 2014.
Growing its product line, in 2013 TEMA announced that its Alabama engine plant and Bodine's casting plants will invest a total of $200 million to expand machining capacity and engine parts production for V6 engines.
In 2011 TEMA opened a plant in Blue Springs, Mississippi, where it builds the Corolla.
To reduce lead times and foster greater cooperation between North American R&D and manufacturing operations, early in 2006 Toyota merged Toyota Technical Center USA and Toyota Motor Manufacturing North America. The combined company was renamed Toyota Motor Engineering & Manufacturing North America, Inc.