United Technologies (UTC) has the worldwide industrial expertise to lift you up and cool you down. Its Otis, UTC Climate Controls & Security, Pratt & Whitney, and Sikorsky segments develop technologies, systems, and services for the aerospace, construction, and security industries. Climate Controls & Security makes alarms, monitoring equipment, surveillance and access control systems, and fire and hazard detection products. Otis is the world's largest elevator and escalator manufacturing company. Pratt & Whitney makes commercial and military engines, while Sikorsky makes helicopters. UTC Aerospace Systems produces engine controls and flight systems for military and commercial clients.
UTC operates through 4,000 locations in more than 70 countries. The US generates around 55% of its total sales; Europe and the Asia/Pacific follow, contributing 20% and 15%, respectively.
After a wave of massive acquisitions and divestitures in 2012 and 2013, UTC has realigned under five well-diversified business segments. UTC's core Climate Controls & Security segment makes security products and firefighting equipment for commercial, governmental, and residential applications. This segment represented nearly 30% of UTC's total sales for 2012.
The other remaining segments include Pratt & Whitney (24% of sales), Otis (21%), UTC Aerospace Systems (14%), and Sikorsky (12%).
UTC's balance sheet has enjoyed growth in recent years, but its total sales dipped slightly from $58.2 billion in 2011 to $57.7 billion in 2012. Its profits have been steadily increasing the last three years; net income spiked by 3% from $4.98 billion in 2011 to $5.13 billion in 2012.
One contributing factor to the company's steady revenue in 2012 was a rise in demand for products within its UTC Aerospace Systems segment. This newly created unit -- the result of a merger between Goodrich and Hamilton Sundstrand -- experienced increased organic sales growth in 2012 within the commercial aerospace OEM, military aerospace OEM, and aftermarket categories.
Mergers and Acquisitions
The company has entered into a new stage with the milestone 2012 acquisitions of Goodrich and Rolls-Royce's share in the International Aero Engines (IAE) joint venture. The $16.5 billion acquisition of Goodrich, an aircraft components manufacturer, is one of UTC's largest in recent years. Through the transaction, UTC absorbed $1.9 billion in assumed debt, but it also sizably boosted its services to the commercial aerospace/defense industry and increased its revenues. Goodrich was combined with the former Hamilton Sundstrand operations and now form its UTC Aerospace Systems segment.
Through the purchase of Rolls Royce' stake, UTC's Pratt & Whitney raised its stake in IAE to 61%. The company has supplied more than 5,000 V2500 engines and has about 2,000 more on order for the Airbus A320 aircraft.
UTC strives to maintain a balance between its private and military sectors, its commercial and aerospace operations, and its original equipment (OE) and aftermarket products and services. It also juggles fluctuations in the market that may impact one or more of its businesses. These fluctuations include changing fuel costs and contracts from the US Department of Defense (DoD), which are subject to policies set by the White House and Congress.
This strategy of product balance is combined with geographic balance, which has the company investing in emerging markets that show great growth potential, such as Argentina, Brazil, China, Mexico, the Middle East, Russia, and South Africa. UTC is champing at the bit to acquire aerospace and commercial companies with operations in India, looking to achieve $2.5 billion in revenues from the country by 2015.
In a flurry of activity, UTC has sold assets to help fund acquisitions. It sold the former Goodrich electric power systems business to SAFRAN for $400 million in a divestiture that was a condition of UTC's 2012 acquisition of Goodrich. Pratt & Whitney's Rocketdyne operations were sold to jet engine maker GenCorp for $550 million in mid-2013. Three former Hamilton Sundstrand businesses, Milton Roy, Sullair, and Sundyne, were also sold to private equity firms BC Partners and The Carlyle Group for $3.46 billion.
As it focuses on its core aerospace and building systems operations, UTC in early 2013 sold its UTC Power unit to Oregon-based ClearEdge Power.
State Street Corporation owns 12% of UTC.