The Higher Ed Debate: A Summary of Arguments

by Vault Education Editors | July 12, 2011

Here’s a roundup of some arguments for and some against going to college. Seeing them together, it really makes you think about how all of these viewpoints are correct, in some regard. There’s circumstantial validity to each, but college is obviously not a one-size-fits-all institution. Arguments about the value of higher education as a whole can usually only speak to one or two points at a time (the limits of making arguments in short-form media). The decision to pursue degrees beyond high school is something that an individual makes based on the particulars of his financial constraints, career goals, intelligence, competence, emotional maturity, etc. The question isn’t “Is College worth it?” but  rather, “Is college worth it for me?”

 

Skip College

Peter Thiel, Hedge Fund Manager, Early Facebook Investor

Degree(s): BA in Philosophy, Stanford; JD, Stanford Law

Argument: College degrees don’t ensure job security; merely a signaling mechanism/elite status symbol.

Has said: “If Harvard were really the best education,” Thiel said, “if it makes that much of a difference, why not franchise it so more people can attend? Why not create 100 Harvard affiliates?”

James Altucher, Hedge fund manager

Degree(s): BS in computer science, Cornell; Masters in computer science, Carnegie Mellon

Argument: For the talented, motivated and ambitious, real world experience trumps the college experience.  

Has said: “I saw what people were doing in college,” he said. “I know now how much I learned in college and how much I learned in other experiences in life and which is more relevant to me now at the age of 43.”

Bill Gross, PIMCO Managing Director

Degree(s): BA in psychology, Duke; MBA, UCLA

Argument: College is often a four-year party with occasional breaks for cramming and plagiarizing. Liberal arts degrees are now useless. A more vocational approach to college education is necessary.

Has said: “Philosophy, sociology and liberal arts agendas will no longer suffice,” he said. “Skill-based education is a must, as is science and math.”

Go to College

David Leonhardt, NYT Columnist

Degree(s): BS in applied mathematics, Yale

Argument: Research shows a college degree translates directly into earning power. Even cashiers, secretaries and flight attendants make more with a college degree. Naysaying college also engenders low expectations.

Has said: “For those families on the fence — often deciding whether a student will be the first to attend — the skepticism becomes one more reason to stop at high school.”

Joseph E. Aoun, President of Northeastern University

Degree(s): Masters in Oriental Languages and Literature, Saint Joseph; Diploma of Advanced study in Linguistics, University of Paris; PhD in Linguistics and Philosophy, MIT

Argument: College is still the most reliable path to a prosperous life. Despite the flaws, college is more than just prepping for the professional world.

Has said: “College expands students’ horizons, exposes them to ideas and fields of study they might not encounter otherwise and fosters relationships with diverse peers,” he said. “It prepares people to become engaged citizens in ways that few other experiences can.”

Paul Heroux, Journalist

Degree(s): BA in social sciences, Saint Bonaventure; Retail Banking, ABA Stonier Graduate School of Banking

Argument: College is what you put into it. Put a lot in and you will emerge a deep, critical thinker who has the advantage of having drawn from a long history of successes and failures.

Has said: “A good education teaches one how to think critically about complex subjects, but also to know a fair amount of what has worked and what hasn't. There is a certain arrogance to outright dismiss the manner in which education helps guide experience. It is also arrogant to suggest that education is all one needs.”

 [Next Gen]

Filed Under: Education


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